Category: Herb Profile

Herb Profile: Mullein

         Mullein Botanical Name: Verbascum thapsus Common Names: Scots: Aaron’s rod, Shepherd’s club, White Mullein, Cuddy-lugs (Donkey’s ears), Hag’s Taper, Cowboy’s Toilet Paper Family: Scrophulariaceae – the Figwort family Parts Used: Dried leaves and flowers, some use of the root. Botany & Identification: A biennial plant growing a downy basal rosette of leaves in its first …

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Herb Profile: Roseroot

Rhodiola rosea Family: Crassulaceae Common names:, Rhodiola, Roseroot, Golden Root, Arctic root, Rosy Stonecrop, Tibetan Ginseng, Gaelic-Lus nan Laoch-Plant of the champion or hero. Synonyms: Sedum rhodiola. S. rosea. (L.)Scop. Identification: Low short, hairless succulent perennial with thick finely toothed grey green leaves, can be red-tinged at margins. Flowers orange-yellow, four-petalled in dense flat topped …

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Herb Profile: Wood Avens

Botanical Name: Geum urbanum Common Names: Avens, Herb Bennet, Colewort, Benedict’s Herb, Radix caryophyllata Family: Rosaceae (The Rose Family) Parts Used: Root, leaves Botany & Identification: A hedgerow and woodland herb found over most of Europe. Common in Britain, this downy perennial reaches up to 70 cm with leaves made up of three toothed lobes. …

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Herb Profile: Artist’s Bracket Fungus

Botanical Name: Ganoderma applanatum Common Names: Artist’s Conk, Shelf Fungus, White Mottled Rot Mushroom, Bear Bread, Powder Coated Monkey’s Bench   Family: Ganodermataceae Parts Used: Fruiting Body of the Fungus Related Species: There are many species of Ganoderma and a number of them have uses as medicinal mushrooms. The most well known and researched is …

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Herb Profile: Rosebay Willowherb

Botanical Name: Chamaenerion angustifolium (previously Epilobium angustifolium) Common Names: Rosebay Willowherb, Bombweed, Singerweed, London’s Ruin Family: Onagraceae – Willowherb/Evening Primrose Family Parts Used: Leaves and flowers Botany & Identification: Widespread in the British Isles & spanning Europe, temperate Asia & parts of the Americas, this tall perennial gives a beautiful pink brush over the landscape …

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Herb Profile: Heathers

Botanical Name: Calluna vulgaris             Common Names: Ling, Common Heather, Scottish Heather, Gaelic: Fraoch Family: Ericaceae – Heather Family Parts Used: Flowering tops (July – September) fresh or dried Botany & Identification: The Heather family contains many well known acid-loving species, some of which are commercially very important. The family includes Cranberry, Blueberry, Blaeberry, Cowberry and …

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Herb Profile: Agrimony

Botanical Name: Agrimonia eupatoria, A.procera (Fragrant Agrimony) Common Names: Cocklebur, Church Steeples, Sticklewort Family:  Rosaceae Parts Used:  Aerial parts, (also the root & seed according to some authors) Botany & Identification:    Upright perennial with spikes of yellow flowers reaching up to 60cm. Prefers to grow in meadows and grassy roadsides, found throughout the UK …

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Herb Profile: Shepherd’s Purse

Botanical Name: Capsella bursa-pastoris Common Names:  Shepherd’s Purse, Sanguinary, Pick Purse, Witches’ Pouches, Mother’s Heart (Scots), lus na fola – The Blood Herb (Gaelic), Family:  Brassicaceae Parts Used:  Aerial parts Botany & Identification: A variable annual or biennial plant with an erect main stem which grows from 3cm to 40cm depending on its conditions. The …

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Herb Profile: Juniper

Botanical name: Juniperus communis Common Names: Scots: aiten    Gaelic: aiteal, aiteann, aittin, samh Family: Cupressaceae – Cypress family Parts used: Dried ripe ‘berries’ Botany & Identification: Juniper is a slow growing evergreen shrub in the Cypress family growing on heaths, moors, rough grassland and dry woodlands. It can reach up to 3m and spreads up …

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Herb Profile: Wild & Garden Angelica

Wild & Garden Angelica Botanical Name: Angelica sylvestris, A. archangelica Common Names:  A.sylvestris – Wild Angelica, A. archangelica – Garden Angelica Family:  Apiaceae Parts Used:  Roots, rhizomes, leaves, fruits, fresh young stems. Botany & Identification:  A.sylvestris is a tall, statuesque biennial wild species with hollow stems up to 2m high. The stems are often purplish …

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